If you are a developer and wanted to grow your programming skills in the modern approach of programming this article is definitely for you. If you have just finished your study and started coding to become a programmer then this is the exact place where you can enhance your skills and add Python to your development career.

Best Way to Learn Python

In this article we will discuss the programming world’s most popular and rapidly growing programming language of today i.e. when we talk about programming in today’s time, Python’s name comes definitely. Python is dominated by developers. Python is the leader of the technology world after Java now and this can make you hero from zero in programming just because of its features. But after these all things, you must be wanted to know that what is there in Python which makes it different from all other programming languages and why this is so popular. So we will start with the basics about Python and will cover everything about Python’s unique features and how you can learn python in the best way.

What is Python?

The first question raise to your mind is obviously what Python is. So Python is a general-purpose programming language and first released in 1991.

According to Guido van Rossum who is the creator of Python, “Python is an interpreted, high-level, an object-oriented programming language which has a design philosophy emphasizes on code readability and it often uses English keywords where other programming languages use punctuation.”

Python supports multiple programming paradigms, which includes functional, procedural, structured programming approach, object-oriented, imperative and a largely comprehensive standard library.

Python’s core philosophy is summarized in the Zen of Python, which says that:

  • Explicit is better than implicit
  • Beautiful is better than ugly
  • Simple is better than complex
  • The complex is better than complicated
  • Readability counts

Python’s syntax is relatively simple and unique than other languages which can be learned easily. Python is used for server-side Web development, Software development, Automation, Data Science, Machine Learning, and System scripting etc. The queer thing about Python is it can be used to handle big data and perform complex mathematics.

Python uses duck typing and allows programmers to define their own types using classes. Before version 3.0, there were two types of classes i.e. old-style and new-style. In Python 3.0, old classes were eliminated.

Summary of Python 3’s built-in Types

Type Mutable Description Syntax example
Bool immutable Boolean value True
False
byte array mutable Sequence of bytes bytearray(b’Some ASCII’)
bytearray(b”Some ASCII”)
bytearray([119, 105, 107, 105])
bytes immutable Sequence of bytes b’Some ASCII’
b”Some ASCII”
bytes([119, 105, 107, 105])
complex immutable A complex number with real and imaginary parts 3+2.7j
dict mutable An associative array (or dictionary) of key and value pairs; can contain mixed types (keys and values), keys must be a hashable type {‘key1’: 1.0, 3: False}
ellipsis An ellipsis placeholder to be used as an index in NumPy arrays
float immutable Floating point number, system-defined precision 3.1415927
frozenset immutable Unordered set, contains no duplicates; can contain mixed types, if hashable frozenset([4.0, ‘string’, True])
int immutable Integer of unlimited magnitude 42
list mutable A list, can contain mixed types [4.0, ‘string’, True]
set mutable Unordered set, contains no duplicates; can contain mixed types, if hashable {4.0, ‘string’, True}
str immutable character string: the sequence of Unicode codepoints ‘Wikipedia’
“Wikipedia”
“””Spanning
multiple
lines”””
tuple immutable Can contain mixed types (4.0, ‘string’, True)

Fundamentals

Example of Python Language

Here is a simple program is written in Python program to calculate the Average of Numbers in a given list.

Code:

n=int(input("Number of elements to be inserted: "))
a=[]
for i in range(0,n):
    elem=int(input("Enter element: "))
    a.append(elem)
avg=sum(a)/n
print("Average of elements ",round(avg,2))

Output:

Number of elements to be inserted: 5

Enter element: 3, 5, 12, 9, 1

Average of elements 15

Why choose Python over other Languages?

Python works for different platforms such as Windows, Linux, Mac, Raspberry Pi etc. Python is very simple that allows developers to write programs in fewer lines. Here we summarize the reasons that why should you choose Python over other languages: –

  • The simplicity, likeness to English, conciseness, readability, expressiveness all contribute to its popularity and the perfect choice for rookies.
  • Python is open source and has a large community, which always try to improve it. A programming community is always beneficial for the availability of a large number of libraries, modules, and packages to help you with your project. Python is ranked by various popular websites such as 5th Largest StackOverflow Community, 4th Most-Used Language at GitHub, and 3rd Largest Meetup Community are the some of their examples.
  • Python is very easy to learn but also very popular in the programming world to have a bright career. With Ruby, Python developers are the second highest paid professionals after Swift in the programming world. Python also used in Cyber Security that is also the reason to learn.
  • Python is great as the scripting language. Some of the Python frameworks as Django, Pylons, Flask, and Web2py are used in the famous online platforms. Django is used in Instagram and Pinterest. So Python is very popular in web development.
  • Python frameworks like SciPy and NumPy are used in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. Before the Python came into existence, MATLAB was the ruler of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning world but after Python, it is possible by using a single import statement followed by a function call to perform complex computations.
  • The other interesting part of Python is Raspberry Pi, which is a microcomputer in the size of a credit card. This is used to making robots, remote-controlled toys, arcade machines, and even cameras. Using Raspberry Pi, you can explore the word of technical DIYs (Do It Yourselves) and with Sonic Pi, you can even make music.
  • Today Python is everywhere whether it is for startups or corporates. Python is the perfect combination of flexibility and uniqueness which makes it a suitable package for any project. Organizations like Disney, Google, and even NASA always have their eye on talented Python professionals.

These are the several reasons explained. Other than this, the enormous Python community is always available there to solve your problem with their strong documentation, tutorials, guides, and examples to help you along your way.

Benefits of Learning Python

Language distribution

As there are many languages available in the market to use for web development but why and how Python is different from them are remarkable factors. The features which make it popular to use are:

  • Python is very easy to code and easier to learn. Its syntax can be learned in just a few hours as the code is quite like English. Python is dynamically typed that makes it readable.
  • One of the outstanding features of Python is its expressiveness. Any program can be written in Python using local transformations as Python provides countless constructs that help to focus on the solution rather than the syntax.
  • Python is open-source and freely available. Anyone can download and install it as its community is headed towards one goal i.e. an ever bettering Python.
  • Python is the high-level programming language that makes it more developer friendly.
  • Python is a portable language that means there is no need to write different code for different machines.
  • Python is an object-oriented language. Therefore supports all the features of object-oriented and also supports multiple-inheritance, unlike Java.
  • Python is an extensible language. You can write in any other languages like C++. Python can be extended to any other language.
  • Python code is embeddable. In simple words, you can put your source code written in Python in any other programming language like C++. This feature allows us to integrate the scripting capabilities of other programming languages into our program.
  • Python is interpreted language. There is no need for compilation of program in Python. An interpreted language executes code line by line that is easier to debug the code also.
  • Python supports a large standard library that includes regular expressions, documentation-generation, unit-testing, web browsers, threading, databases, CGI, email, image manipulation, and a lot of other functionality that can be used to reduce the need to write code for every single thing.
  • Python also supports GUI programming by using Tk to create basic GUIs.
  • Python is dynamically-typed language that means that the type for a value is decided at runtime, not in advance.

In summary, Python is:

  • Easy to Use
  • Expressive, High Level, and Interpreted Language
  • Platform Independent
  • Open Source
  • Object-Oriented language
  • Provide huge Standard Library
  • GUI Programming
  • Integrated

How to learn Python Quickly?

There are various ways to start learning Python for beginners as well as advanced learners. If you are a Web developer or a Java developer, Python pays off to learn because learning more than one programming language not only improves your knowledge, experience, and enhance your skills but also increase your chances to be in polyglot programmers i.e. who know more than one programming language for companies who value for it. The best way to learn anything is the study and research about that thing.

Here are some Tips to Learn Python Quickly:

  1. Code Everyday – The very important aspect of any programming language is only practice. A developer who is committed to coding every day becomes perfect in coding day by day.
  2. Write it out – Research suggests that notes by hand are most beneficial for long-term retention especially for those working towards the goal of becoming a full-time developer.
  3. Become a Bug Bounty Hunter – When you will start writing complex programs bugs will run into your codes. It happens to all so don’t let bugs frustrate you. Debugging is a very important part of programming to help you find where things are going wrong. Once you have an idea that where things might be breaking down, just insert the following line of code into your script and run it: import pdb; pdb.set_trace()
  4. Take Breaks – When you are learning, no matter as a beginner or advanced learner it is important to take a break from coding and adsorb the concepts. Especially at the time of debugging, if you can’t figure out what’s going wrong than you should take a break.
  5. Surround yourself with others who are learning to share the tips and tricks you learn along the way.
  6. Ask Questions – It’s nice to ask good questions that can help you as well as others to learn and grow. GOOD can be defined as giving context, Outline the things, Offer your best guess as to what the problem might be, and Demo what is happening.
  7. Solve Exercises – For beginners, this is really helpful to become confident with Python and also to be strong with concepts like strings, lists, dictionaries, sets, object-oriented programming, and writing classes etc.

There are lots of online and offline courses available to learn Python. The resources are many; all need is how much you are interested to learn. Here are some best courses we have listed for you from Udemy and Pluralsight to Learn Python in 2019.

  • The Complete Python Masterclass

This amazing course of Python is available on Udemy by Tim Buchalka who is an expert in Python and his experience is shown in this course. If you want to learn complete Python very easily and in a fun way, you should go with this course.

This is the link: https://www.udemy.com/python-the-complete-python-developer-course/

  • Complete Python Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Python 3

This is one of the popular courses on Udemy to learn Python and almost over 25 thousand students have enrolled to it till now. This shows the quality of the course. The special features about this course are comprehensiveness and useful for all levels. This is a practical course on Python 3 that you can start learning by downloading and installing Python on your system. The highlights of this course include quizzes, notes and homework assignments as well as 3 major projects to create a Python project portfolio.

Check this course here: https://www.udemy.com/complete-python-bootcamp/

  • 30 Days of Python | Unlock your Python Potential

This is a very practical course not only for beginners but also for those programmers who already know other programming languages like C++, Java etc. In only 30 days, this will teach you how to write complex Python applications and build your own applications.

Start with this course here: https://www.udemy.com/30-days-of-python/

  • Python Fundamentals

This course is provided by Pluralsight and great for you if you have its membership. The authors of this course Austin and Rober did wonderful work to design this course and made it in a fun and meaningful way to learn at the same time.

Go on the ride of this course here: https://www.pluralsight.com/courses/python-fundamentals

  • The Python Bible | Everything You Need to Program in Python

Another awesome course by Udemy to learn Python. This course is focused on projects. 11 Projects are to be made in this course. If you prefer to learn with the practical approach then this course must be for you. This is a comprehensive, in-depth, and meticulously prepared course which includes everything you need to program in Python. The author of this course is Ziyad who is an award-winning university lecturer of computer science with a lot of experience in delivering project-based learning.

Enroll with this course here: https://www.udemy.com/the-python-bible/

  • Python Tutorial

This course by Eureka will help you to learn the various fundamentals of Python with examples in detail. The Python Tutorial video will help you to learn basics of Python, who uses Python, features of Python, operators in Python, datatypes in Python, flow Control, functions in Python, file handling in Python. For Beginners will help you to understand all the concepts deeply.

Check more details here: https://www.edureka.co/blog/videos/python-tutorial/

  • Python For Beginners

This is a blog on Eureka where the all basics are explained to get more information about Python.

Go with it: https://www.edureka.co/blog/python-programming-language

  • Python Scripting Certification Training

This course by Eureka is mainly focused on Python scripting that will help to understand real-time applications of Python. This course will teach you the importance of Python and you will be able to make applications. At the end of this course, you will be confident to create networking applications with suitable GUI.

Here you can go to this course: https://www.edureka.co/python-scripting

Some other resources to learn Python

  • Codecademy

This website has lots of learning tutorials on various programming languages. Codecademy does a good job of teaching basic syntax.

Learn Python with Codecademy here: https://www.codecademy.com/catalog/language/python

Websites for the Tutorials on various Python’s Framework

  • Flask tutorial

This is the website of the official flask (a simple python web framework) tutorial.

  • Bottle tutorial

Even simpler web framework for python tutorial. 

  • How to Tango With Django 1.7

A guide to using Django (more complex python web framework)

Best eBooks for Beginners and Advanced Developers to learn Python

  • Python for you and me: Pym is an online eBook to learn Python which has all about Python starting from the basics to programs also. This book is targeted for beginners who are completely new to Python.

This is the link to get this book: https://pymbook.readthedocs.io/en/py3/index.html

  • Learn python the hard way

This book is based on the exercises which include 52 various exercises that teach a lot of python concepts. The book is hard in the start, and then you will start enjoying it.

Here you can go with this book: https://learnpythonthehardway.org/book/

  • A Byte of Python

This is a free eBook for beginners in Python. This book will teach you Python version 3.

Here is the book: https://python.swaroopch.com/

  • Working with Strings in Python

This popular course has 57 interactive exercises with the certification on completion of course.

Get this course here: https://academy.vertabelo.com/course/python-strings

  • Automate the Boring Stuff with Python

This book followed a practical approach which is written by Al Sweigart. This book will teach you how to use Python to write codes in minutes that would take hours to do. You will be able to create programs that that effortlessly perform useful and impressive. This course is also available on Udemy in video format.

  • Head-First Python

The very famous book ‘Head First Python’ will enable you to quickly grasp Python’s fundamentals, working with the built-in data structures and functions

The book is here: https://www.amazon.in/dp/1491919531

  • Introduction to Machine Learning with Python

This book of Machine Learning with Python teaches you the basics of machine learning by providing a thorough hands-on understanding of the subject.

Get it here: https://www.amazon.in/gp/product/1449369413

  • Programming Python 4e

‘Programming Python 4e’ covered on how the approach, with in-depth tutorials on the language’s primary application domains that are web, system administration, and GUIs.

The book is available here: https://www.amazon.in/Programming-Python-Powerful-Object-Oriented/dp/0596158106/

Best Video Tutorials to learn Python for free

  • Python How to Program: This is a Python How to Program series on YouTube.

Watch it here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdv1NlEZWro&list=PL3072C720775B213E&index=1

  • Google Python Class: A Google’s Python class. If you are interested in learning python then you must watch this video carefully and each part to get complete knowledge of Python.

Go to this link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLC8825D0450647509&v=tKTZoB2Vjuk

  • Python Tutorials for Beginners – Learn Python Online:

This video series includes the fundamentals of Python. If you are looking for Python as your career then you must watch the all videos here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yE9v9rt6ziw

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